Women, LGBTI people and ethnic and religious minorities faced entrenched discrimination and violence. Legislative developments further undermined sexual and reproductive rights, the right to freedom of religion and belief, and access to the internet. Torture and other ill-treatment, including denying prisoners adequate medical care, remained widespread and systematic. Systemic impunity prevailed for past and ongoing crimes against humanity related to prison massacres in 1988 and other crimes under international law.

They’re all on Snapchat and can peer into the lives of their cousins around the world, acutely aware they’re the only ones who have to wear a school uniform that includes a hooded headscarf, as though they are Benedictine nuns. Nowadays in Iran, women drop their hijabs to show their solidarity with protesters. To learn more about the plight of women in Iran and whether their discontent poses a threat to the regime, read https://mingmartini.com.br/2022/12/24/in-focus-war-in-ukraine-is-a-crisis-for-women-and-girls-headquarters/ our analysis of last year’s protests and our forecast of how they might play out this year.

  • In other words, the total share of carpet in non-oil exports had declined from 44.2 percent to 4.2 percent; a drastic decrease.
  • Women faced discrimination in law and practice, including in relation to marriage, divorce, employment, inheritance and political office.
  • New forms of normative heterosexuality were established as mutually pleasurable sex and romantic love in marriage became important.
  • The results of this study indicate that many participants tried to explain two dimensions of positive mental health or well being.
  • Mahsa Alimardani, who researches freedom of expression in Iran at the University of Oxford, has recently heard reports of women in Iran receiving citations in the mail for hijab law violations despite not having had an interaction with a law enforcement officer.

All of these numbers are expected to be higher, according to the Human Rights Activists News Agency. The two women who reported on Amini’s death, Niloofar Hamedi and Elahe Mohammadi, were arrested some time ago, but earlier this month, so was their lawyer. The https://countrywaybridalboutique.com/asian-women-features/iranian-women-features/ United States imposed sanctions on Wednesday on two senior Iranian prison officials responsible for serious human rights abuses against women and girls.

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According to the New York Times, Iranian forces have said that the average age of protesters is 15. Amnesty International has called for “global action” in response to the https://viuexperiencies.com/the-philippines-and-the-university-of-michigan-1870-1935-2 deadly crackdowns. In the 2009 Iranian Green Movement against election fraud, however, women played a major role. Images of one young female protester, Neda Agha-Soltan, who was fatally shot by security forces during the protest, went viral, catalyzing millions of Iranians to join the protests.

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Various professional and artistic groups—including actors, lawyers, doctors, nurses, teachers, professors, and even some past and present members of the national soccer team—have expressed solidarity with the protests. In subsequent protests, visuals have been at the heart of women’s efforts to mobilize against the Islamic Republic. In 2014, women began recording themselves walking, cycling, dancing and singing in public unveiled, under the banner of the “My Stealthy Freedom” movement. Started by Masih Alinejad, an Iranian-born journalist based in New York, the movement protested the forced wearing of the hijab and other restrictive laws by showing women breaking them. It’s as simple as reaching out to fellow Iranian peers, students and faculty and checking in on them. Personally, I appreciate it when my friends and peers check in with me to express their sympathy with the situation, but I know not everyone in the Iranian community is receiving needed social support. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the regime came close to losing control of a city, Oshnavieh, for the first time in its history.

Iran seeks the release of Assadollah Assadi, sentenced in Belgium in 2021 over an unsuccessful 2018 bomb plot. The developments come amid struggling efforts to revive the landmark 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers that eased international economic sanctions in exchange for limits on Tehran’s nuclear program. Iran has announced the discovery of a large deposit of lithium, a key component of batteries for electric vehicles and electronic devices, state media reported on March 4.

After facing the threat of execution again, she left Iran and now lives in Norway, where she continues to work as an activist, standing up for the rights of women. Iran has been roiled by unrest since the September 16 death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini while in police custody for allegedly wearing a hijab, or head scarf, improperly in violation of the religious leadership’s strict dress code. In September 2022, during what seemed a typical detention over an inadequate hijab, Mahsa Amini, a young Kurdish woman visiting Tehran, was arrested and beaten. The country erupted in widespread protests not seen since the Green Revolution of 2009, demanding justice for Mahsa and freedom and civil rights for all women. CAIRO — Confusion over the status of Iran’s religious police grew as state media cast doubt on reports the force had been shut down. Despite the uncertainty, it has appeared for weeks that enforcement of the strict dress code has been scaled back as more women walk the streets without wearing the required headscarf. ICRW calls on the Iranian government to be held to account over its human rights abuses.

Farrokhroo Parsa was the first woman to be appointed Minister of Education in 1968 and Mahnaz Afkhami was appointed Minister for Women’s Affairs in 1976. In August 2019, the FFIRI lifted the ban on Iranian women’s entry to football stadiums for the first time in 40 years. On September 8, 2019, Sahar Khodayari self-immolated after being arrested for trying to enter a stadium. Following that incident, FIFA assured that Iranian women are able to attend stadiums starting from October 2019.

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